Battle of Culloden: The Jacobites’ Last Stand

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30 mins

1.1 km

By National Trust for Scotland

Picture this: It’s a cold, wet dawn on April 16th 1746. You’re one of 5,500 men who are lined up on Culloden Moor as part of the Jacobite forces. Your army is led by Charles Edward Stuart – known to his admirers as Bonnie Prince Charlie – who wishes to regain the thrones of Great Britain and Ireland for his family. You’re exhausted after walking 20 miles through the night, following orders to launch a surprise attack on the British army while it slept. The attack never happened. You’re about to charge well-fed, well-trained soldiers, loyal to King George II and led by his son, William Augustus, the Duke of Cumberland. This is no ordinary battle – the causal lines are blurred; it is the culmination of a civil war pitting families and their supporters against one another. The outcome of this battle will impact not only Scotland, but the rest of Britain. And, in time, the whole of the world. How did we get here? Let’s find out...

10 stops

30 mins

1.1 km

Culloden

Scotland

1746

Jacobites

National Trust for Scotland

  • 1
    Battle of Culloden – an introduction
  • 2
    1688 – King James II is deposed
  • 3
    The 1745 Jacobite rising begins
  • 4
    The Jacobites retreat to Scotland
  • 5
    1746 – The Battle of Culloden
  • 6
    The memorial cairn
  • 7
    Jacobite grave markers
  • 8
    British Army grave marker
  • 9
    Battlefield excavations
  • 10
    Leanach Cottage – the field hospital

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Battle of Culloden: The Jacobites’ Last Stand

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